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Towns of the area

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Monterotondo Marittimo

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Inhabitants in 1991: 1.391

The municipal territory is situated on a hill sloping towards the right bank of the river Milia in Val di Cornia. It has a surface of 102,51 square kilometres. It rose as autonomous community in 1961 separating itself from Massa Marittima.

The castle of Monterotondo seems to have been the possession and the residence of the Alberti Counts since the XII century, as is attested in a privilege conceded in 1163 by Federico I Barbarossa. In 1209 Count Rainaldo inherited the territory in which the castle was situated and put it under the protection of Massa Marittima, who entered into direct ownership between 1261 and 1263 thanks to successive acts of sale by the descendents of Rainaldo. In 1335 it was absorbed – with all of Massa – by the Siena republic, who in 1399 had the fortress reconstructed enlarging the fortification and which in the XV century maintain a Vicar. In 1554, after a long resistance to the attack of the Austro Hispanic Medicee troops, who finally won it and destroyed it they subjected themselves to the Lords dei Medici following from that moment the Sequence of Firenze and the Grand Duchy. Monterotondo is the birthplace of the writer and poet Renato Fucini (1843-1921).

Historical info reproduced upon authorization of Regione Toscana - Dipartimento della Presidenza E Affari Legislativi e Giuridici
Translated by Ann Mountford


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