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Towns of the area

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Sestino

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Inhabitants in1991 : 1,525

The Municipal territory of Sestino, extends for 80,46 square kilometres in the high basin of the river Foglia, on the Adriatic side of the Tosco-Marchigiano Apennines. Roman Municipality, then feudal centre, then Vicariate, it became Podesta Seat of Office in the Mediceo State. Sestino, oppidum  (encampment) of Roman origins (a collection of archaeological finds - honour and funeral memorials, epigraphs, coins and clay articles - is held in the Antiquarium Sestinate), which during the Punic Wars defended the pass between Arezzo and the Romagna inside the province of the Pennine Alps, being part of the Ravenna Exarchate and then of the Duchy of Spoleto and in 962, according to a dubious certificate by Ottone I passed to the noble family Carpegna. Included during the X I century  in the Montefeltro diocese. At the beginning of the XIII century it was the property of the church included in the province of Massa Trabaria and as such conceded as Vicariate to Dadeo da Casteldelci ancestor of Uguccione della Faggiola. With the Peace of Sarzana in 1353 Sestino and part of its territory became confirmed to the Faggiola and then in 1371 assigned by Pope Gregorio XI to the Malatesta who were Lords over it for about a century. Fallen under the power of Federico da Montefeltro in 1463, two years later Sestino was raised to Autonomous Vicariate by Pope Paolo I and successively, as part of the Duchy of Urbino, it was given as an investment from Leone X to his nephew Lorenzo dei Medici (1516). Devastated a year later by the militia of the deposed Francesco Maria della Rovere, Sestino entered definitely in the possession of the Fiorentina republic, which they acquired from Leone X in 1520 as part exchange to settle a debt incurred by the Pontiff with the Fiornetini Bankers. Since then it was a Podesta Seat of Office, and a Vicariate with civil and criminal jurisdiction over the surrounding territory.

Historical info reproduced upon authorization of Regione Toscana - Dipartimento della Presidenza E Affari Legislativi e Giuridici
Translated by Ann Mountford


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